The reinstatement of sanctions is a violation by the United States of the original agreement, whereas, according to international nuclear inspectors, Iran has been deemed compliant. In early 2019, President Trump ordered the assassination of General Qasem Soleimani, who was one of Iran`s military leaders. In response, Iran announced that it would no longer abide by the nuclear agreement signed by President Obama in 2015. The agreement provided for a commercial nuclear program “exclusively for peaceful purposes.” “Everything is worrying because it is moving away from a framework that has allowed Iran to have no nuclear weapons,” Sherman said. “Iran is not only encouraged, but, in a way, abandoned to take measures that say they are not being pushed back. We are in a very, very difficult place. Iran – Iranian President Hassan Rouhani welcomed the development on Twitter.  He said that the nuclear agreement was only one step towards interaction with the world and all countries that want to respect the Iranian nation.  A week after the Lausanne negotiations, Iran`s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei presented his vision for the negotiations. He did not accept or reject the framework agreement and said, “Nothing has been done yet.” With regard to sanctions, he said that all sanctions should be fully lifted on the day of the signing of the nuclear agreement.    Many of the jcPOA`s nuclear provisions have an expiration date.
For example, after 10 years, centrifuge restrictions will be lifted and, after 15 years, restrictions on low-enriched uranium and IAEA access to unreported sites will also be removed. Other provisions do not have a deadline. Russia and Iran signed a bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement in August 1992.  In a follow-up agreement in 1995, Russia agreed to the construction of the Bushehr-1 nuclear power plant and secretly proposed to Iran to supply Iran with a large research reactor, a fuel plant and a gas centrifuge plant.  When U.S. President Bill Clinton heard about these secret negotiations, he expressed his concerns about technology transfers to Russian President Boris Yeltsin, who eventually agreed to reduce Russian-Iranian nuclear cooperation, at least until the completion of the Bushehr construction.  Despite the ban on nuclear cooperation with Iran, U.S. officials believe Russian scientists and institutes have helped Iranian engineers in sensitive areas of the nuclear fuel cycle and in the construction of a 40 MW heavy water research reactor in Arak.  Other countries that signed the agreement with the United States, including allies France, Britain and France, have asked Washington to respect the agreement. To make atomic bombs, uranium ore extracted from the earth requires enrichment of uranium-235 or plutonium. Uranium ore extracted from the earth is processed by devices called centrifuges to produce uranium-235.
Uranium ore is processed in nuclear reactors and processed into plutonium. On the basis of the framework of the Iran nuclear agreement of April 2015, the joint comprehensive action plan between Iran and the P5-1 and the EU was announced in Vienna on 14 July 2015.  Sources:  “IAEA Director General`s Statement on Iran,” IAEA, updated January 16, 2016, www.iaea.org.